2 pages, 923 words
A formal group is the deliberate and systematic grouping of people in an organization so that organizational goals are better achieved. Now any organization would have a certain formula. They are very essential for the efficient functioning of the organization. What does an organization do? The total no. of people working in an organization is divided into smaller groups (teams or sections or departments) and each group is responsible for fulfilling a task which would ultimately contribute to fulfilling the organization’s goal. This increases the efficiency of the organization.
Ex: If we take NITK as an example, we all know that we have a larger goal of training students for the engineering profession. But within this larger goal, we want students to be trained for computer engg, electrical, mech, etc. So this larger goal is divided into departments (example computer department), which is a formal group in this larger organization. So, all the departments together achieve the goal of efficiently training the students for engineering purpose. Informal Group: Informal groups are the natural and spontaneous grouping of people whenever they work together over a period of time.
Whenever people interact and work together over a certain period of time, it’s very natural for them and it comes very spontaneously for them, that they form informal groups. For example, we are officially assigned to the computer engineering department. But in the hostel, we live with friends from other branches. So when all of us live together for a 4 year period, it’s very natural for us to interact and build up groups informally with our friends from other branches. So like this, any organization would have informal groups. Let’s compare both Formal and Informal Groups: FORMAL GROUPS |INFORMAL GROUPS | |Deliberately created. |Spontaneously created. | |Formal groups are knowingly and systematically created. |Informal groups are not really created, they are naturally formed. | |Systematic structure. |Loose structure | |As we discussed earlier, in the computer department, we have HOD, |In informal groups, there is no structure at all.
6 pages, 2697 words
The Term Paper on The Path Goal Theory Of Leadership
The term path-goal is derived from the belief that effective leaders clarify the path to help their followers get from where they are to the achievement of their work goals and make the journey along the path easier by reducing roadblocks and pitfalls (Robbins 2001, p. 229). The path-goal theory developed by Robert House is based on the expectancy theory of motivation. The leader’s job is ...
So there is a system in place. |together for some time. There is no junior and senior…everybody is | | |equal. | |Importance to position. |Importance to the person. | |In a formal group, importance is always given to the position. Ex: |The beauty of being in an informal group is that the position does | |the group leader, the head of department, etc. The position gets |not exist at all because there is no structure. So importance is | |importance in a formal way because there is a system in place. always given to the person. | |Relationship is official. |Relationship is personal. | |The relationship is very formal and official in a formal group. So |In an informal group, the interaction and the attachment becomes very| |the relationship and behavior is almost prescribed in a formal group. |personal and not official. | |Communication is restricted and slow. |Communication is free and fast. | |By restricted we mean that the “boss may decide that certain |Everybody wants to tell everyone all the information.
With the gossip| |information should not be discussed below a certain level. ” |network in an informal group, information is passed very quickly. | |Communication is very slow because a certain procedure has to be | | |followed if we want to pass down the information. | | Importance of formal groups: As human being, we tend to tilt towards informal groups.
But we have to remember that formal groups have certain characteristics that are very essential for the efficiency of the organization. For example: If we remain informal all the time, the organizational goals cannot be met. Importance of informal groups: Informal groups are just as important because they serve some very important human means. Informal groups help in developing good human relations in the organization. When we interact with people in an informal scale, we develop good relationships with them .
3 pages, 1286 words
The Essay on Formal and Informal Communication in an Organization
* Formal communication channels, follows the chain of command and is recognized as official. One way to view formal communication within organizations. * Vertical communication is the flow of information both up and down the chain of command. It involves an exchange of messages between two or more levels in the organization. When top-level managers make decisions, create strategic plans, convey ...
So this develops better working relationships and therefore creates better efficiency in the organization. So, good organizations today are promoting informal activities and formation of informal groups. Ex: Parties in companies, which promotes informal interaction. Informal groups promote human dignity. Human dignity is something which is very important for every human being. As human beings, we want to be respected and treated in a particular way. So, self respect is very important for a human being. In a formal group setup, very often, our dignity is destroyed.
For example: If we have a very bossy boss, everyday he will be de-motivating you by saying things like “You are useless fellow!! Who made you an engineer”!! So our dignity is destroyed. But what supports us?? It’s the informal group that supports us and keeps up our dignity. For example: The support from our friends helps us to keep our dignity. Informal groups help in spreading information fast through the GRAPEVINE-the informal network of communication (“The gossip network”).
The grapevine is the plant on which the grape fruit grows. The characteristic of a grapevine is that it grows in all directions.
So in an organization, the grapevine is the informal communication network that has grown into every group and corner of the organization. If we want information to be passed on very fast to everybody in the organization, then the grapevine is the best way. Example 1: “We can put information on a notice board” Example 2: When director makes an announcement for a holiday, information is passed very quickly. So the grapevine is active. And if a formal notice is made, then it takes time for the information to reach everybody because the formal network is very slow.
3 pages, 1316 words
The Essay on Roles/Functions of Human Resources
Function 1: Manpower planning It has been proven that there are penalties for not being correctly staffed. When a company is either understaffed, or overstaffed, it can become costly, as well as detrimental to the welfare of the company and its employers, and employees. a. Understaffing can have a company lose its business economy, specialization, orders, customers and profits. b. Overstaffing can ...
Virtual Organization Information System
... the stores, an inter department relationships. The reduced paperwork in the organization reduces information relay. The availability of information over the information systems improves forecasting ...
Informal to Formal Organizations
...  Barnard, C.I. (1983). “Informal Organizations and their Relationship to Formal Organizations”. Organizations in Classics of Public Administration. (6th ... 2] An institution which enabled access to information and to people at a mouse’s click or ...
Role Of Human Resource Department
... Human Resource 2003 3 Department consist of Resource Managers, employees are viewed as assets and the goal ... organization ... is to integrate the company's goals with its employees needs. Training Techniques The State recognizes the importance ... groups. ...
Intergroup Relations.Group behavior in organizations
... corporate goals. Intergroup competition is catalyzed by awarding best groups or departments, ... between groups. References Losh, S. (2011). Group behavior in organizations. San Diego: ... ensure equal access to information by all the groups(Robbins, ...
Southwest Airlines Human Resources Department
... of the people department is through informal teamwork, become information providers for the ... Analysis The human resources (HR) department was renamed the "People Department" to change ... the group was seen as an oversight and regulatory department, the ...
Downsizing the Human Resources Department
... or her own manager. Human Resource organizations possess more than ... give the EEOC additional information if it strengthens the ... moving laterally to another department. Cost-cutting measures are now ... that data has any importance statistically. 2. If we ...
"A formal essay is aphoristic, structured, and serious," according to Jo Ray McCuen-Metherell and Anthony C. Winkler. " An informal essay is personal, revelatory, humorous, and somewhat loosely structured" ( Readings for Writers, 2016). (What are the differences between Formal and informal groups essay? ›
Formal groups are formulated when two or more members of an organization are assembled by the management with the purpose of achieving a specific goal. Informal groups are formed by two or more members with the purpose of satisfying their personal and psychological needs.What are the examples of Formal and informal communities? ›
Businesses and governments are examples of formal organizations. Clubs or social networks are examples of informal organizations.What is informal essay and examples? ›
An informal essay is a nonfiction essay that follows no specific structure and is based solely on the author's ideas and reflections. An informal essay is often written in the first or second person and aims to connect with an audience with a conversational tone.What are the examples of formal essay? ›
All formal essays should be at least five paragraphs and include an introduction, several body paragraphs, and a conclusion. Some common types of formal essays include the illustration essay, the compare and contrast essay, the cause and effect essay, and the argument essay.How do you write a formal essay example? ›
- Choose a topic. Basically, there are two options here: you are assigned a topic by the teacher, or you choose a topic on your own. ...
- Write a thesis statement. ...
- Write an introduction. ...
- Write body paragraphs. ...
- Write a conclusion.
Informal & Formal Reference Groups
Informal groups are not structured with a specific goal in mind. Group members interact on a very personal level. Examples of informal reference groups include: Families.
Formal group types are Command groups, Task groups, Functional groups. And Informal groups are as follows: Interest group, Friendship groups, Reference group.What are the different types of informal groups? ›
According to their characteristics, they can be classified into four groups namely,
- Apathetic groups.
- Erratic groups.
- Strategic groups, and;
- Conservative groups.
- Command group. ...
- Task group. ...
- Interest group. ...
- Friendship group.
- Team Member Support. ...
- Interoffice Relations Without the Boss. ...
- Common Interest Clubs. ...
- Positive Action Committees.
Examples of formal groups include sections of departments (such as the accounts receivable section of the accounting department), committees, or special project task forces. These groups are set up by management on either a temporary or permanent basis to accomplish prescribed tasks.What is an informal outline for an essay? ›
An informal outline is a series of notes—single words or phrases—jotted down to refresh your memory as you write. An outline of this sort is useful when time is limited, as when you are writing examinations or brief papers in class.How do you write an introductory paragraph for an informal essay? ›
The introductory paragraph of any paper, long or short, should start with a sentence that piques the interest of your readers. In a typical essay, that first sentence leads into two or three more sentences that provide details about your subject or your process. All of these sentences build up to your thesis statement.How many paragraphs is a formal essay? ›
Most formal essays have five paragraphs. This includes an introduction paragraph, conclusion paragraph, and at least 3 body paragraphs. The body paragraphs will provide specific evidence to back up the author's main point. The thesis statement is the last sentence in the introduction paragraph.What is formal written essay? ›
A formal essay is a well-structured piece of writing with a clear introduction, body, and conclusion. This type of essay often includes cited research, uses an academic tone, and is written in 3rd person. While writing a formal essay, it's necessary to back up your arguments with factual evidence.What are the three parts of a formal essay? ›
The main parts (or sections) to an essay are the intro, body, and conclusion. In a standard short essay, five paragraphs can provide the reader with enough information in a short amount of space.Can you start a formal essay with a question? ›
Questions are nice essay introductions because they ask the reader to think about your topic. Engaging your reader is the goal of your opening essay paragraph: if they are not engaged right out of the gate, the rest of your essay, no matter how well-written will feel boring.Is descriptive essay formal or informal? ›
Descriptive essays break the structured, formal approach used in more conventional academic writing, allowing the author to speak from personal experience.Can a formal essay be in first person? ›
First and second person should not be used in formal writing, such as a term paper. First person is the use of “I, me, my, we” etc. Second person is the use of “you, your,” etc. Many students are confused how to write one's opinion is third person.” Here are some examples of how it is done.
Formal language does not use colloquialisms, contractions or first-person pronouns such as “I” or “We.” Informal language is more casual and spontaneous. It is used when communicating with friends or family either in writing or in conversation.Is a sports team a formal or informal group? ›
Formal groups are institutions or formal associations such as churches or sport teams.What is the difference between formal and informal communities? ›
Formal groups are formed by the management and are designed on a hierarchical structure with some designated tasks related to their function. Informal groups are formed outside the official hierarchy of the organization, rather it is formed on the basis of social and personal interactions.What is the difference between a formal group and an informal group Brainly? ›
Answer: Formal organizations are formed to serve a specific purpose or meet set goals. ... A formal organization will exist even if specific members leave the organization. Informal organizations serve the needs of individuals and can be created spontaneously with a purpose that is not well-defined.What is an example of an informal team? ›
Members of informal teams tend to subordinate some of their individual needs to those of the team as a whole. A good example of this situation is when a team of women with families come together. They will support each other as they share similar predicaments of managing work and family.What is the difference between a formal group and an informal group quizlet? ›
A formal group is one that is defined by the organization's structure, with designated work assignments establishing tasks. An informal group is neither formally structured nor organizationally determined.What are the characteristics of informal group? ›
- evolving constantly.
- grass roots.
- dynamic and responsive.
- excellent at motivation.
- requires insider knowledge to be seen.
- treats people as individuals.
- flat and fluid.
- cohered by trust and reciprocity.
Formal groups tend to be task and goal oriented. The group sets their own goals and defines the tasks to accomplish over a determined period of time. Typically, formal groups develop Terms of Reference (ToR) to guide their work.Why are informal groups important? ›
The primary function of informal organizations is basically to maintain cultural values of people. When people can associate themselves with each other socially, they always feel a sense of togetherness. Consequently, another function of informal organizations is to provide social satisfaction to members.What are the 3 types of formal organizations? ›
The major types of formal organizations include those that are utilitarian, normative, and coercive.
Informal groups can be divided into the following categories: Friendship Group. Interest Group. Reference Group.What is a formal group? ›
any group that is deliberately formed by its members or an external authority for some purpose. Unlike an accidental group, a formal group is likely to use explicit terms to define its membership criteria, operating procedures, role structure, and goals. Also called planned group.Which of the following is the best example of informal research? ›
The best informal research methods include asking quality questions, drawing on prior experience and knowledge, using guesses and hunches, having conversations, conducting surveys, reading documents, searching on the internet, running mini-experiments and doing a trial run.What are the 4 types of groups? ›
Four basic types of groups have traditionally been recognized: primary groups, secondary groups, collective groups, and categories.What is formal group discussion? ›
Formal discussions: - usually take the form of a guided discussion or focus group (discussions are based on a series of questions that are developed before the group session) - can help you identify important issues and generate ideas for improvement.What is an informal group and can informal groups form within an organization? ›
They emerge naturally, in response to the common interests of organizational members. They are formed spontaneously, without any formal designation, and with common interests such as self-defense, work assistance, and social interaction.
- Choose Your Topic and Establish Your Purpose. A lot of writers struggle to define the initial focus for their paper. ...
- Create A List Of Main Ideas. This is the brainstorming part of the writing process. ...
- Organize Your Main Ideas. ...
- Flush Out Your Main Points. ...
- Review and Adjust.
Creating an outline, either a formal or an informal one, helps you organize your research and create a logical flow to your writing. Sometimes an outline helps you see problems in the original plan, and you can eliminate them before you spend time writing.What is a formal outline format? ›
It consists of brief phrases or single words (not sentences) that are numbered or lettered to show the order and relative importance of the ideas. While topic outlines often seem precise and formal, they should be treated as part of the writing process.How do you start an essay introduction? ›
Your essay introduction should include three main things, in this order: An opening hook to catch the reader's attention. Relevant background information that the reader needs to know. A thesis statement that presents your main point or argument.
- Your favorite childhood memory.
- Most recent travel experience.
- The death of a friend or relative that influenced you.
- The loss of a pet that changed your life.
- Your best friend and how you met.
- Your first time on a plane.
- The first book you read.
- The worst memory you have.
- Include a brief summary of the paper's main points.
- Ask a provocative question.
- Use a quotation.
- Evoke a vivid image.
- Call for some sort of action.
- End with a warning.
- Universalize (compare to other situations).
- Suggest results or consequences.
The first person point of view is considered informal, and is not encouraged in academic writing. First person can appear to weaken the credibility of the writer in research and argument, as it reads as the writer's personal opinion.What is a formal essay writing? ›
A formal essay is a well-structured piece of writing with a clear introduction, body, and conclusion. This type of essay often includes cited research, uses an academic tone, and is written in 3rd person. While writing a formal essay, it's necessary to back up your arguments with factual evidence.What kind of essay is a formal essay? ›
A formal essay is a form of objective essay writing. Expository writing is used to explain or inform the reader on a particular topic. Compare and contrast essays will compare and contrast two or more topics.What is the characteristics of formal and informal essay? ›
|Characteristic||Informal essay (sometimes also called personal or familiar essay)||Formal essay|
|Purpose||Entertainment; gentle reflection.||Presentation of facts and ideas with critical evaluation, arguing a point and analyzing in detail.|
There are many different types of essay, but they are often defined in four categories: argumentative, expository, narrative, and descriptive essays.How do you start an essay? ›
- Share a shocking or amusing fact.
- Ask a question.
- Dramatize a scene.
- Kick it off with a quote.
- State your thesis directly.
- Pick the right tone for your essay.
- When you're stuck, work backwards.
- choose formal instead of informal vocabulary. ...
- avoid contractions. ...
- avoid emotional language. ...
- instead of using absolute positives and negatives, such as 'proof' or 'wrong', use more cautious evaluations, such as 'strong evidence' or 'less convincing'.
The main parts (or sections) to an essay are the intro, body, and conclusion. In a standard short essay, five paragraphs can provide the reader with enough information in a short amount of space.
The similarities of these two different types of writing are that they can be used to discuss the same topic or prove the same point. They both should have a reference page at the end, and they can have pictures inserted in them to enhance the reader's interest in the essay.What is the first paragraph in a formal essay called? ›
The introductory paragraph, or opening paragraph, is the first paragraph of your essay. It introduces the main idea of your essay, captures the interest of your readers, and tells why your topic is important.What is difference between formal and informal? ›
Formal language does not use colloquialisms, contractions or first-person pronouns such as “I” or “We.” Informal language is more casual and spontaneous. It is used when communicating with friends or family either in writing or in conversation.What are the differences between formal and informal writing? ›
The main difference between formal and informal language in writing is that formal language is more rigid and less personal, whereas informal language is more easygoing and adaptive.What are examples of formal words? ›
No rule says an essay needs to have a certain number of paragraphs, but an essay must be at least three paragraphs. Many people say an essay should be five paragraphs, but it's an extremely limiting rule, and unless you've been instructed to write a five-paragraph essay, there's no reason to stick to it.How do you write an essay format? ›
A basic essay consists of three main parts: introduction, body, and conclusion. This basic essay format will help you to write and organize an essay. However, flexibility is important. While keeping this basic essay format in mind, let the topic and specific assignment guide the writing and organization.How can I write a good essay? ›
- Analyse the question.
- Define your argument.
- Use evidence, reasoning and scholarship.
- Organise a coherent essay.
- Write clearly.
- Cite sources and evidence.